The motive of Ayurveda is complete health for all. Ayurveda first believes in maintenance of health. Ayurveda lets the healthy person be more healthy and helps one to be devoid of any diseases. So, first protect one’s healthy state and if got with some diseases, treat it.
Ayurveda believes in the removal of the cause and avoidance of causative factors. It is to remove the root cause and give permanent relief. The medicines for the treatment mainly comprises of powders, tablets, decoctions, medicated oils etc. prepared from natural herbs, plants and minerals. Because the medicines are from natural sources and not synthetic, they are accepted and assimilated in the body with no or very less side effects and on the other hand, there may be some side benefits.
The ancestors of Ayurveda have defined four factors that are essential for successful medical treatment : The Physician, the remedy , the nurse and the patient.The physician should be an expert in theory and in practice, skillful, and pure in body and mind. Easy availability, appropriateness, utility in a variety of forms and high quality characterize the optimal remedy. The best nurse is knowledgeable , skillful , sympathetic and pure.The ideal patient is courageous, able to describe what he or she is feeling , and remembers all the physician’s instructions and follows them carefully; all these qualities help the patient get well more easily.
Along with medicine, proper diet and living style is also advised. This is equally important. If we are taking a medicine to remove the root cause and at the same time we are taking some food or following a life style which is increasing the cause of disease, then we may not get well or will be getting less relief. Panch Karma therapy is also used as a treatment in many diseases.
According to Ayurveda, every person is unique in terms of the physical and psychological constitution. Hence, the treatment differs from one another. Two persons having same diseases do not necessarily get the same medicines or treatment. The treatment is given keeping the constitution of the persons in mind. “Treatment is rooted in measure” : the effect of any particular therapy on any particular patient depends on its dosage, which again depends upon the climate, the doshas involved , the strength of the patient versus the strength of the disease, the patients age and constitution , the specific syndrome, the patients social environment , the goal of treatment and so on.
To conclude we can say that, Ayurveda teaches a very systematic and scientific way of life for maintenance of overall health. Fundamental principles, health rules, knowledge of individual constitution of our body, use of various herbs, minerals and various therapies like Panch Karma, Agni karma, Jaluka karma etc. can be very safely used by physicians to promote good health, prevent diseases and acquire longevity.